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Immunizations: Some Frequently Asked Questions

Your immune system is a highly sophisticated defense mechanism that can recognize an invading organism and eliminate it. Immunization works effectively to help avert a wide range of serious illnesses. It enhances the rate at which your body responds to pathogen attacks and improves the immune response to a specific organism. Read further to learn more about immunization.

Immunization Overview

The Center for Disease Control (CDC) provides recommendation for vaccination program for children and adolescents. Here are some critical facts on Immunization as provided by the World Health Organization (WHO):

  • Immunizations help prevent approximately 2-3 million deaths each year.
  • Immunization provides security from diseases like diphtheria, measles, pertussis (whooping cough), and many more.
  • Strong implementation of immunizations has eliminated several critical diseases including polio, from the United States and several other countries.
  • About 22 million infants don’t get complete immunization with regular vaccines.
  • There is a pressing need for proper communication about the health benefits of vaccination and the risks of not immunizing children.

What is Immunization?

Immunizations, also referred to as vaccinations, are the processes through which an individual is made immune or resistant to a contagious disease, usually by the administration of a vaccine. Vaccines comprise of one or several antigens (or immunogens). They stimulate the body’s immune system to defend the person against future infection or disease. Vaccines vary in how they impact the immune system.

What Are the Types of Immunizations?

There are two kinds of immunizations, traced either from passive or active sources. These sources can be either natural or artificial. Natural sources include exposure to the surroundings, humans, and animals, whereas, artificial sources include medical interventions.

Active Immunization – Active immunization involves the entry of a foreign molecule into an individual’s body, which causes the body to produce immunity against the target on its own. This immunity develops due to the specialized T cells and the B cells along with their antibodies.

Active immunization can happen either naturally or artificially. One of the best instances of natural active immunization is influenza exposure. The body then starts the process of producing long-term resistance to the influenza virus.

Passive Immunization – Passive immunization occurs with the movement of pre-formed components of the immune system into an individual’s body, so that the body is not required to produce these elements on its own. Passive immunization makes use of antibodies.

Passive immunization can happen either naturally or artificially. The best instances of natural passive immunization are the transfer of maternal antibodies via the placenta to the fetus and the movement of these maternal antibodies to the baby through the colostrum and milk.

What Is the Importance of Immunization?

There are several important reasons to get immunized. Consult your doctor to ensure that you are up to date on the suitable vaccines for you and your family. Here are a few primary reasons for you to consider immunization.

  • Reduces your risk of acquiring serious diseases that are preventable by vaccinations.
  • Minimizes your risk for complications from particular illnesses if you are undergoing a chronic health condition or diminished immune system.
  • Decreases your chance of transmitting a serious illness to your loved ones.
  • Helps to defend those who can’t receive the vaccination.
  • Helps you to minimize instances of sick leave.
  • Prevents you from missing out on important activities.
  • Prevents you from paying the cost of getting sick.
  • Ensures you the peace of mind that comes with securing your health.
  • Provides a preventive measure to avoid sickness.

What Are the Benefits of immunization?

These are some major advantages of immunizations:

  • Immunization can preserve lives by averting fatal illnesses.
  • Vaccination is secure and effective.
  • Immunization can safeguard your loved one’s health.
  • Immunization can be cost-effective in the long run.
  • Immunizations offer future generations the possibility to have a disease-free life.

Related Post: Flu Shots: Important Things You Should Know

How Are Vaccination and Immunization Different?

‘Vaccination’ and ‘immunization’ are two terms that get frequently interchanged; however, their meanings are not exactly similar. Vaccination and Immunization work in collaboration to maintain the body’s health and to ensure the proper functioning of the internal systems.

Vaccination is the administration of an attenuated form of the virus that helps the body become immune to the disease. Immunization is the mechanism of the body developing immunity to a specific disease. The immunization process occurs after the vaccination process.

Patients throughout Newport Beach, Orange County, can easily access immunization services at Newport Family Medicine Clinic. We have a dedicated team of Physicians and Practitioners who are ready to offer superior and comprehensive health care for the whole family.

Newport Family Medicine, located in Newport Beach, CA, offers full-service family practice from pregnancy through childhood and adulthood to maturity. We provide comprehensive health care for people of all age groups.

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